Twentieth Annual IEEE Symposium on

Logic in Computer Science (LICS 2005)

Paper: Expressiveness of a Spatial Logic for Trees (at LICS 2005)

Authors: Iovka Boneva Jean-Marc Talbot Sophie Tison


In this paper we investigate the quantifier-free fragment of the TQL logic proposed by Cardelli and Ghelli. The TQL logic, inspired from the ambient logic, is the core of a query language for semistructured data represented as unranked and unordered trees. The fragment we consider here, named STL, contains as main features spatial composition and location as well as a fixed point construct. We prove that satisfiability for STL is undecidable. We show also that STL is strictly more expressive than the Presburger monadic second-order logic (PMSO) of Seidl, Schwentick and Muscholl when interpreted over unranked and unordered edge-labelled trees. We define a class of tree automata whose transitions are conditioned by arithmetical constraints; we show then how to compute from a closed STL formula a tree automaton accepting precisely the models of the formula. Finally, still using our tree automata framework, we exhibit some syntactic restrictions over STL formulae that allow us to capture precisely the logics MSO and PMSO.


    author = 	 {Iovka Boneva and Jean-Marc Talbot and Sophie Tison},
    title = 	 {Expressiveness of a Spatial Logic for Trees},
    booktitle =  {Proceedings of the Twentieth Annual IEEE Symp. on Logic in Computer Science, {LICS} 2005},
    year =	 2005,
    editor =	 {Prakash Panangaden},
    month =	 {June}, 
    pages =      {280--289},
    location =   {Chicago, USA}, 
    publisher =	 {IEEE Computer Society Press}